Eight Structures of a Player

Michael Bradley Sebastian Giovinco

Throughout the year Toronto FC's technical, high performance, sport science, and education staff work closely together with the objective of obtaining a complete and full understanding of our athletes.

This is done through an evaluation of eight structures: 


The choices a player makes off the field to enhance his performance on the field. Includes nutrition, hydration, sleep, biometrics, faith/spirituality, family dynamics, education, and avocation.


The ability to understand and manage the relationship between internal energy and behaviour in a social environment. The goal is to help players develop strategies to manage reactions to stimuli and enhance performance.


The way an individual processes information and makes sense of the world as a person, player, and competitor. The goal is to make the player aware of how his neurological skills can be used and enhanced to operate as a more successful person, player, and competitor.


The characteristic traits apparent when an individual expresses himself, and how his behaviour is perceived by others. The goal is to make the player aware of how others view him; also to inform teammates, coaches, and staff how best to work with him.


The ability to use emotions and behaviour to form relationships and function in a group. Includes demonstrating how an individual's cognition, personality, and emotion affect a group or other individuals.


The ability to read and execute actions in the game at the highest level. The goal is to enhance an individual's ability to read and execute 6 game phases/23 principles of play by improving executive cognitive skills.


The ability to repeat necessary high level athletic movements over the duration of a match. The goal is to train athletic abilities that can be used on the field.

Motor Specific

The skills needed to complete soccer specific movements. The goal is to train specific physical actions that can be successfully used during a match.